Glycolic Acid

Glycolic Acid is a natural product for skin care used by dermatologists for the treatment of various skin diseases, including damage caused by the sun. Many Cosmetics such as Glycolic wash, Moisturizers & Cleansers claims to keep your skin healthy and young. To have healthy skin you need to use more than one product for the care of the skin and eat the right foods, practice exercise, hydrate your body and skin with natural products that do not harm it.

Glycolic acid, also called hydro-ascetic acid, is the smallest and most well known of the alpha-hydroxide acids. Has no color or odor and is highly soluble in water. Although it can be created by a certain type of chemical reaction, can be classified as a natural product because it is extracted from:

  • Sugarcane
  • Pineapple
  • Sugar Beet
  • Sour Grapes
  • Melon.

The orange and other citrus acids are classified in the same category of Glycolic acid. You can buy Glycolic acid in various concentrations, including counter products containing 3% of acid. Higher concentrations of Glycolic acid require a prescription, and dermatologists usually apply products with higher concentrations of Glycolic acid in a clinical setting. You may find concentrations of Glycolic acid-counter in the form of:

  • Glycolic Moisturizers
  • Glycolic Cleanser
  • Glycolic Wash
  • Detergents
  • Glycolic Peeling.

When using a product with Glycolic acid, you should always put sunscreen, because the Glycolic acid causes sensitivity to the sun. When used as directed, the gradual removal of the top layer of skin will result in a more radiant complexion and youthful.

What is Glycolic Acid?

Glycolic acid contains small molecules able to penetrate the skin. Moreover, among the functions of Glycolic acid, is to loosen the bonds that allow the surface skin cells to stick together. This allows you to remove the dead skin, revealing new skin that looks fresher, soft, smooth and above all healthy. Glycolic acid also supports the production of collagen and elastin, making skin wrinkles less noticeable. Glycolic acid is used in products for skin care products to improve the texture and appearance of the skin. It can help to reduce:

  • Acne Scars
  • Wrinkles
  • Hyper-pigmentation
  • And Other Conditions

Because of its solubility and extreme acidity, Glycolic acid works well in exfoliating products. Penetrates the epidermis and weakens the lipids of dead skin that bind together, thus exposing living cells. Glycolic acid chemically burning the layers of dead skin, while the other ingredients in the product will eliminate the remaining residues. Rinse with water neutralizes any acid left on the face, making the skin smoother and younger. The layer thus obtained is more uniform and therefore the skin is softer. The increased blood flow improves the appearance of the skin. In addition, Glycolic acid has the power to spread moisturizers on the skin fresh and just exposed.

Glycolic Acid Can Then Be Used For:

  • Acne
  • Superficial Acne Scars
  • Acne Cysts
  • Dry Skin
  • Dull
  • Signs Of Age
  • Uneven Skin Tone
  • PointsBlacks
  • Wrinkles
  • Sun-Damaged Skin
  • Hyper-pigmentation
  • Irregularities Generic Skin
  • Improve The Structure And Appearance Of The Skin.

What Is A Scrub?

Exposure to the sun gradually slows the rate at which old or dead skin cells leaving the skin surface. This can give the upper layers of the skin an aged appearance. A peeling with Glycolic acid is able to remove the top layer of the skin. These treatments “peel” require 15 or 20 minutes, and typically the procedure must be repeated every one or two weeks to several months. Glycolic acid also helps to remove excess oil from the skin, helping to prevent acne and improve skin tone. Glycolic acid is mainly used in chemical peels. Dermatologists use Glycolic acid concentrations ranging from 20 to 70 percent.

At home these treatments are between 10 and 50 percent. In addition to the concentration, the pH also indicates the effectiveness of Glycolic acid. The peeling that use dermatologists can have the pH lower than 0.6, which is strong enough to completely break the keratin of the epidermis. At home with the treatment “peel” you can have a high pH 2.5. The Glycolic acid peel makes the skin very sensitive to sunlight. It is recommended to use sunscreen after the peel with a product containing Glycolic acid. Even a concentration of Glycolic acid of 10% can make sensitive skin.

After a professional chemical peel, the skin may appear as if it were severely sunburned. It is common to the continuous peeling. Full recovery may take several days. If you have not ever had a chemical peel before or if you have sensitive skin, you may want to start with a Glycolic acid concentration of 30% and leave on the skin for only 1-2 minutes. Try on a small part of the cheek to get an idea of how the skin will tolerate this percentage of Glycolic acid. The 40% and 50% is recommended for those who have already used this product previously and know that your skin can tolerate this amount. If you use this product to control acne, remember that the acne appear worse before they get better. This is because while the layers of dead skin are removed from the face, acne is brought to the surface, accelerating the healing process. In this case, it is good not to be discouraged and continue to use the treatment to see improvement.

Other Uses Of Glycolic Acid:

  • In Greasiness
  • Rust Removers
  • In Agents For Tanning And Dyeing
  • Preservatives,
  • Flavoring Agents
  • Ink
  • Additives For Paints.


Glycolic acid is irritating and should take the necessary precautions when using. If you have sensitive skin, you should try to use this acid on a small area of skin before applying Glycolic acid on a larger area of the body. This test will show if the skin will be able to tolerate the treatment with Glycolic acid. You should consult a doctor before using any product containing Glycolic acid, also with regard to the products without prescription. A product with a concentration of Glycolic acid that is more than 10 per cent in any form is labeled as a hazardous material.

Glycolic acid is a powerful irritant that can cause severe skin rashes. When metabolized, is extremely dangerous, because it turns into Glyoxylic acid, which is very poisonous. Make sure to buy a cosmetic or a drug with a percentage of Glyoxylic acid suitable to be used on the skin. There are some products that are not suitable for your skin. If it is reported the percentage of Glycolic acid, a product could be used industrially as a detergent for floors.

Final Consideration Of Glycolic Acid

In short, the Glycolic acid can be used for different purposes such as Glycolic Cleansers & wash . It is usually used to treat certain types of skin problems. It is very effective and allows to obtain good results. It is good to be careful and follow the recommendations listed to avoid severe irritation. Glycolic acid, in fact, can be dangerous if used improperly. Always ask your doctor for advice before buying products containing Glycolic acid to avoid problems and to be careful about what is written on the packaging of the product.

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